Here’s my round up of news from the world of Discovery and beyond over the past few weeks. As with previous posts, many of the items were gleaned from the #ukdiscovery twitter hashtag which you can dip into whenever you like by opening up this FiveFilters ‘newspaper’ pdf [update: URL fixed].
Last week the Discovery team published Issue 6 of the Discovery Newsletter which included the following articles among others:
- an article on how the Copac Collections Management Tool project is aiming to help collections managers.
- an introduction to ‘Will’s World’ – one of the JISC-funded large-scale exemplar projects.
- an invitation for supply chain organisations such as system vendors and publishers to engage with the Discovery initiative.
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It was interesting to read Harvard’s announcement of the changes they will be undergoing in order to unify their 73 (!) libraries. Much of the announcement concentrated on structural changes but this sentence caught my eye and it seems to suggest that some game changing LIS developments could be in the offing: “The changes will position the Library to lead in scholarly communication and open access, to design next generation search and discovery services, and to accelerate digitization and digital preservation.”
Of course Harvard’s Library Lab team are already involved in designing next generation search and discovery services as part of the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) Beta Sprint initiative – the scale of the data they’re dealing with is pretty impressive but it was the live demo of their “pre-alpha” ShelfLife/LibraryCloud system that took my breath away and got me thinking about new possibilities for discovery interfaces.
When I first read this short blogpost from the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History, University of Kentucky I initially dismissed it as not quite newsworthy enough to include in this digest … but I kept thinking about the story after I had clicked away from it. It seems to me that the ‘Oral History Metadata Synchronizer’ (OHMS) tool that they’ve developed with their digital library division has huge potential for improving the visibility of audio collections and connecting them to other relevant resources. The story of how the Nunn Center have used OHMS to preserve and share interviews with survivors of the Haiti earthquake is a moving reminder that metadata is (at the risk of getting poetic and misty eyed) more than sterile information, and the discovery it enables is human as much as it is digital.
Staying on the subject of audio collections, the Music Library Association is currently working on a final version of their Music Discovery Requirements document and they are currently inviting thoughts and suggestions. This presentation by Nara Newcomer provides useful background on the aim of the Music Discovery Requirements document.
The Discovery programme is particularly focused on the business case for adopting open metadata so it was interesting to read this white paper from Nielsen which reports on the effect of supplying (or not supplying) metadata within the book industry. One of the key conclusions reads: “Overall we see clear indications that supplying a set of full enhanced metadata for product records helps to maximise sales, and that this relationship between enhanced metadata and sales is even stronger for the online retail sector.” Of course UK university libraries are not in the business of book retail and this report could simply serve to make publishers more commercially protective over the metadata they create but all the same it is good to have some high profile research published in this area. It’s a pity that they don’t separate out enhanced metadata from the provision of a cover images in their analysis – from research I’ve been involved in previously I suspect there might be some interesting findings that remain hidden by the approach they’ve taken.
Europeana have published data for 2.4 million items under an open metadata licence as part of its Linked Open Data pilot. The data is provided by eight national libraries and a number of cultural heritage organisations (including some from the UK) and there’s also a convincing animation on the ‘what and why’ of linked data which, pleasingly, keeps the end user at the forefront of the discussion. Europeana also launched the ‘European Library Standards Handbook’ which is their guide for libraries who are providing content to data aggregators – it includes a legal overview as well as a technical guide. If you are interested in linked open data then you might want to follow the University of Bristol’s ‘Bricolage’ project which is JISC-funded and will be publishing catalogue metadata from their Penguin Archive and Geology Museum collections.
Earlier this week I found myself having one of those ‘am I the only person not at this event?’ moments as my Twitterstream gradually filled up with all manner of interesting and diverting tweets from the OCLC EMEA Regional Council Annual Meeting. Owen Stephens captured some of the knowledge that was shared around the topic of APIs in his blogposts written on the day. One of the sessions that seemed to be particularly well received was Alison Cullingford’s presentation on recent survey findings from the RLUK Unique and Distinct Collections project so it will be interesting to read the report when it is published. The meeting also brought news that an open data commons licence is being considered for WorldCat:
WorldCat: open data commons licence is being considered and will be discussed with OCLC membership through Global Council #EMEARC
— Simon Bains (@simonjbains) February 29, 2012
I will not pretend to be an expert but these guides that the Archives Hub have added to their website look very useful for anyone who is interested in accessing Archives Hub data using SRU and OAI-PMH interfaces.
I’ll finish up by sharing some interesting news in the wider world of open data and metadata:
- The JISC Managing Research Data Programme is doing some heavy lifting in terms of building a registry of metadata standards (for UK university research datasets) – I’m sure they would be pleased to hear from you if you have any insights you’d like to share with them.
- The Government’s call for input to their consultation on “open standards for software interoperability, data and document formats” is ongoing and it doesn’t close until 3 May so there’s plenty of time left to think about what the direct and indirect supply chain ripples might be.
- In my last news digest I mentioned that ‘big data’ suddenly seemed to be everywhere – This week Nick Edouard’s reflective post over on the BuzzData blog struck a chord with me, particularly his point that “Open-data initiatives are good for many reasons, not least because they can radically improve internal data-sharing.” Often the discussion around open data tends towards a leap of faith/altruistic model but keeping focused on the ‘what’s in it for us?’ question seems a surer way of securing the internal resources needed to release data in the first place.
In closing, a couple of blogposts I’ve read recently have got me thinking about the importance of identifying a vision that other people can quickly understand and get behind:
- “The dream of linked data [is] to enable machines to recognise an entity wherever it is mentioned on the world wide web.” Cath Styles, National Museum of Australia
- “Our key scientific quest is facilitating unbounded information sharing.” – Dr. Pouwelse, Delft University of Technology
I think that the Discovery vision packs a similar punch but perhaps it could be more emotive?: “[Our vision] is about making resources more discoverable both by people and machines.” Is that a vision which speaks to you? Have you found the words to succinctly describe your institution’s vision for resource discovery? Please do share your thoughts in the comments below.